Eight Practical Steps to Teach Grammar Rules

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  1. Start with questions that lead to model sentences in which the grammatical rule is included.

E.g. How long have you been learning English?

How long have they been playing football?

How long has she been cooking pizza? Etc.

  1. Encouraging students to answer the questions in complete sentences using the grammatical rule and write the model sentences on the board.
  2. Read the sentences focusing on the main features of the rule (highlight the form with different colour or by underlining them).
  3. Tell students the function and the meaning of the grammatical rule, when to use it and how to apply it in communication.
  4. Encourage students to do some different and various exercises on the rule to familiarize them with it. Check understanding and involve as many students as possible.
  5. Elicit the form of the rule from students and write it on the board.
  6. Ask students to give more meaningful examples of the rule.
  7. Give more practice of the rule creating real-life situations for students to use the rule in.
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Your belief about learning and teaching grammar

Read the following two teachers’ points of view for teaching grammar and tell me to what extent you agree or disagree and justify your decision.

1. Before beginning any unit, I always look over it in the book to know the grammar rule it includes. I start the lesson with explaining that rule directly: its meaning, form and function. And then do some exercises with the class on it. I think that really helps students to do the activities well and they learn better that way.

2. I think there is no need to teach grammar explicitly or explain the rules directly. Learners will pick them up later for themselves. The precious time of the period should be focused on using the language on communication and practicing as much English as possible by students’ interaction. If they want grammar, they can be given exercises to do at home and be corrected outside the class.