How to Teach a Dialogue?

dialogueThere are two stages of teaching any dialogue:

1. Presenting the dialogue:

1. Introduce the activity telling Ss that they’re going to read & listen a dialogue.

2. Present the most important or the key individual words included in the dialogue.

3. Ask Ss to look at the dialogue and the pictures to talk about the scene of it:
a. Who are the speakers?
b. Where are they?
c. What are they talking about?
d. What do you think is happening in each picture?

4. Then ask Ss to read the whole dialogue silently or listen to it extensively to answer a pre-question. The answer is the main idea of the dialogue.

5. Next, ask or put two more questions on the board and ask Ss to listen to the dialogue on the cassette ( or read by the teacher ) to answer those questions.

6. Read the dialogue aloud, this time to focus on the important phrases or expressions included in the dialogue.

2. Practicing the dialogue:

1. Invite pairs of Ss to the front of the class with their books to role play or act out the dialogue.

2. Write the dialogue on the board or distribute it printed on a paper with some missing parts. Ask Ss to work in pairs to fill in the gaps. Elicit the answers from as many pairs as possible.

3. Focusing on the important language functions included in the dialogue, divide the dialogue into mini dialogues or some situations, each one includes a prompt and its response, give each mini dialogue with a missing part & ask Ss to fill in the gaps in pairs and act out each situation.

4. Invite pairs of Ss to the front of the class without their books to role play or act out the dialogue telling them that some personal modifications should be done.

Practical steps to teach & practice a conversation

conversation

Present the conversation:

1. set the scene telling students what the conversation is about and the names of participants.

2. present the new & key vocabulary. ( words/phrases ) using effective techniques.

3. ask students to listen to the whole conversation by playing the recording or reading the whole conversation for students and check understanding by eliciting the meaning of key words/phrases.

3. model the conversation with one or two brilliant students, then model it using two brilliant students.

4. focus on language functions in the conversation dividing it into mini dialogues and writing each one on the board to refer to the function included and how to express it.

Practice the conversation:

*Listen and repeat:

play the recording, students listen, focus on correct pronunciation, repeat correctly after the recording or after You.

*Role-play the conversation:

ask students to come to the front to produce the conversation using body language, gestures, … ( dramatize it ) & it’s preferable to do so without books.

*Free production:

create situations that resemble real-life communication & encourage students to use the phrases taught in the conversation.