Drills that Must be Prepared for Any Lesson



Once the structure or new language has been presented in the lesson, the teacher gives the class some drills to practice the new materials on focus. There are Three Main Kinds of drills that must be included in any lesson in the following sequence:

1- Controlled drills:

They are manipulative drills with the aim of developing accuracy. They come directly after presenting the new material.

e.g. Repetition drills which can be in groups, in pairs or individually.

2- Guided drills:

Students cannot perform these drills without knowing the meaning of the new language because they focus on the content instead of the form.

e.g. A. Substitution drills: they may be:

a- Simple: with one cue

e.g.  I go to the market everyday. (every week)

b- Multiple: the basic sentence remains the same but the cue could be substitutable for any item in the model.


T. : Ali

S. : Ali wrote a good book.

T. : Story.

S. : Ali wrote a good story.

T. : love.

S. : Ali wrote a love story. etc.

B. Chain drills:

The teacher asks a question then the students ask each other.


T. : Are you hungry?

S1: No, I am not.

S1: (to another student) Are you hungry?

S2: Yes, I am.

S2 : (to a third student) Are you hungry?  Etc.

C. Transformation drills:

e.g. from sentence to a question, passive, negative…..

T. : I like sandwiches.

S1: (to another student) Do you like sandwiches?

S.2: No, I do not like sandwiches. etc.

D. Expansion drills:


T. : I have a pen. ( always)

S. : I always have a pen.

S. : I always have a good pen. etc.

E. Integrative drills:

Two short sentences should be combined into one.


I have a pen. It’s red.

I have a red pen.

3- Communicative drills:

The pupils feel freedom of expressing themselves or their ideas.


Tell us about your daily routines ( Using frequency adverbs )

Five main stages for a lesson plan

1- Setting objectives:

Write what you expect your students will do by the end of the lesson  e.g. by the end of the lesson, students will be able to ” pronounce, identify, put words in sentences, change into passive, compare, answer, use, match, …. etc ” or any verbs that can be observable and measurable in the classroom.

2- Warm up:  

Revise the previous lesson, check homework orally, correct common mistakes,  … etc or any other activity that can activate students and prepare them to receive the new material.

3- Presentation:

Present the new material using the suitable techniques, write the procedures that you will follow to explain the new material.

4- Practice:

It is the work done by the students whether it is controlled, guided, or free. Students answer some exercises based on the material presented. These exercises are often there on the set book.

5- Assessment:

Write some sentences on the board or distribute printed papers to see whether the objectives were achieved or not and to check whether students learned or not according to the objectives. If not, you should reteach the lesson using different techniques.