* Telling them the main purpose of the test.
* Specifying the content they should study for the test.
* Providing them with clear instructions during the test.
Decide the levels of thinking you will focus on when writing the questions:
According to Bloom’s Taxonomy, there are six levels of thinking, beginning with simple recall of information to analysis and evaluation of the material.
Knowledge – Comprehension – Application – Analysis – Synthesis – Evaluation
Write the Questions:
* Avoid ambiguous & confusing sentences or structures.
* Use appropriate vocabulary.
* Keep questions short and to the point.
* Write questions that have only one correct answer.
* Give information about the answer you desire or the items required for a correct answer.
* Don’t provide clues to the correct answer.
Guidelines to Write Effective Multiple-Choice Questions:
* Avoid lifting phrases directly from text or lecture. This becomes a simple recall activity for the student. Use new language as frequently as possible.
* Write the correct answer before writing the distractors. This makes sure you formulate one clearly correct answer.
* Choices should be similar in length and parallel in grammatical structure.
* Limit the number of choices. Research shows that three-choice items are about as effective as four-choice items.
* Distractors must be incorrect, but reasonable.
* Use words that are familiar to students when writing distractors.
* Don’t use exaggerations or extreme words when writing the questions or the distractors such as: all, none, never, always, etc.