1- Determine the purpose of the test.
2- Define the content area to be tested.
3- Choose and prepare appropriate and relevant items for the test.
4- Build your questions to match your pupils’ ability.
5- The amount of questions should suit the allotted time.
6- Printing should be clear. No handwritten exams.
7- Instructions should be clear and in understandable terms.
8- Arrange items from easiest to most difficult to reduce stress and encourage less able pupils to answer ( Gradation of questions).
9- No ambiguous questions. Avoid ambiguity and deluding words.
10- Questions should include different parts of the syllabus and not focus on certain lessons.
11- Accurate grading is very important.
12- Model answers should be written on a separate sample of the test paper.
13- All acceptable or possible answers should be included or written in the model answers.
14- Test different aspects ( reasoning / observation / comprehending / deducing ).
15- Test cognitive, affective and psychomotor skills that are included in the units.
16- Involve varied questions ( objective / subjective ).